Boxing Basics


During the first lesson of boxing training the coach will give is how to hold your hands up. He or she will ask if you're left or right-handed. Usually, the dominant hand determines whether you'll use your left or right hand as the jab hand. But that's not always the case. For example, when I play softball, I swing my bat from the left as opposed to the right. I'm right handed, but I can't swing the bat the other way.

Your jab hand will be up in the front, protecting your face. The other hand, which will be used to throw the cross, will be positioned on the side of your face to ward off incoming punches coming there.


The second thing the coach during boxing training will show you is how to stand. It is importance that your stance is correct because that will make it harder for your opponent to move and knock you over.

You should stand at an angle to your opponent. Left foot forward, right foot back, and keep your feet shoulder-width apart. Never bring your feet together at any time. Stand on the balls of your feet. This will help in moving quicker around the ring and avoiding incoming punches.


Avoiding punches is an essential part of boxing training. Bobbing is dipping down to avoid an incoming punch, then returning to the normal boxing stance. Think of it as crouching down slightly -- while still keeping the hands up -- and coming back up, making a 'U' in the process. Don't crouch down too low because you need to see what punches are coming in. This is good to avoid hooks.

Slipping is used to avoid straight punches like jabs and rights. Slightly move your head so that the punch goes over your shoulder. If they throw a left jab, move your head to the right. If the other person throws a straight right, move your head to the left. Don't lean too far over in order to not become off-balance.


Footwork is one of the most important building blocks of boxing training.

While in your boxing stance, step forward with the lead foot and slide the rear foot up. The feet should end up in the position of being shoulder lenth apart. To go backwards, step back with the rear foot and slide the lead foot back.

Pivoting out of the way of an opponent involves using the lead foot as anchor and moving the rear foot a quarter circle turn. Be sure not to turn your back on your opponent at any time.

In order to move side to side, step to either the left or right with the lead foot and slide the rear foot over. Make sure to end up back in a boxer's stance.

More training is involved, too!

What type of boxing gym should you train in?

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